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Janani Suraksha Yojna

The Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a centrally sponsored Scheme which is being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and infant mortality by promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women. Under the JSY, eligible pregnant women are entitled for cash assistance irrespective of the age of mother and number of children for giving birth in a government or accredited private health facility.  The scheme focuses on poor pregnant woman with a special dispensation for states that have low institutional delivery rates, namely, the states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Rajasthan, Odisha, and Jammu and Kashmir.  While these States have been named Low Performing States (LPS) under the scheme, the remaining States/UTs have been named High Performing States (HPS).  The scheme also provides performance based incentives to women health volunteers known as ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) for promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women. Cash entitlement for different categories of mothers is as follows:

Cash Assistance for Institutional Delivery (in Rs.)

Category Rural Area Urban Area
  Mother’s package ASHA’s package* Mother’s package ASHA’s package**
LPS 1400 600 1000 400
HPS 700 600 600 400

 

*ASHA package of Rs. 600 in rural areas include Rs. 300 for ANC component and Rs. 300 for facilitating institutional delivery

**ASHA package of Rs. 400 in urban areas include Rs. 200 for ANC component and Rs. 200 for facilitating institutional delivery

Cash assistance for home delivery

BPL pregnant women, who prefer to deliver at home, are entitled to a cash assistance of Rs. 500 per delivery regardless of the age of pregnant women and number of children.

Direct Benefit Transfer under JSY

Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) mode of payment has been rolled out in 43 districts with effect from 1.1.2013 and in 78 districts from 1.7.2013. Recently, instructions have been issued to all States/UTs regarding extension of DBT mode of payment throughout the country in all districts. Under this initiative, eligible pregnant women are entitled to get JSY benefit directly into their bank accounts.

The details of funds allocated/released and number of women benefitted under JSY during the last three years is given below respectively. State/UT-wise percentage decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) are also given below:-

Statement Showing  SPIP Financial Approval and Utilization under Janani Suraksha Yojana
Rs. In Crore
S. No. States/ UTs 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
SPIP Approval Utilization SPIP Approval Utilization SPIP Approval Utilization (upto 31.03.2015)
A. High Focus States              
1 Bihar 244.29 299.18 354.35 314.24 387.15 296.90
2 Chhattisgarh 61.82 47.56 70.88 43.95 60.07 52.95
3 Himachal Pradesh 2.33 1.26 2.11 1.24 2.27 1.28
4 J & K 20.57 22.40 22.40 26.44 28.12 21.67
5 Jharkhand 89.25 59.33 89.71 62.41 86.41 62.40
6 Madhya Pradesh 191.41 175.05 210.25 193.32 189.80 171.55
7 Odhisa 110.24 99.81 120.06 98.28 98.28 97.83
8 Rajasthan 181.42 161.81 217.11 179.97 194.08 183.64
9 Uttar Pradesh 521.90 428.02 471.24 445.79 509.21 441.72
10 Uttarakhand 13.51 14.77 15.39 16.28 19.07 19.48
  Sub Total 1436.73 1309.20 1573.49 1381.91 1574.46 1349.42
B. NE States              
11 Arunachal Pradesh 1.42 1.09 2.18 1.13 1.82 0.85
12 Assam 81.07 87.88 92.45 94.76 104.94 90.57
13 Manipur 1.69 1.69 2.17 1.88 1.97 2.29
14 Meghalaya 2.14 1.57 3.79 0.72 3.68 2.35
15 Mizoram 1.39 1.17 1.70 1.72 1.88 0.70
16 Nagaland 1.82 1.89 2.06 1.53 1.76 1.21
17 Sikkim 0.44 0.29 0.51 0.28 0.31 0.27
18 Tripura 2.82 2.04 3.13 2.36 2.92 2.52
  Sub Total 92.80 97.62 108.00 104.36 119.29 100.75

 

S. No. States/ UTs 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15  
SPIP Approval Utilization SPIP Approval Utilization SPIP Approval Utilization
C. Non-High Focus States

 

             
19 Andhra Pradesh 31.79 28.47 45.47 36.76 25.10 30.19
20 Telangana         22.83 18.72
21 Goa 0.12 0.10 0.12 0.08 0.12 0.04
22 Gujarat 50.54 46.63 35.02 33.06 35.80 34.85
23 Haryana 6.30 5.04 5.92 7.14 4.33 7.11
24 Karnataka 42.45 41.37 66.20 54.15 65.85 55.00
25 Kerala 12.13 12.08 16.08 13.77 13.13 13.72
26 Maharashtra 30.23 34.62 44.82 45.14 52.64 45.91
27 Punjab 8.07 7.66 10.43 11.79 11.09 13.67
28 Tamil Nadu 35.72 28.64 36.02 37.92 52.44 45.30
29 West Bengal 60.16 59.04 74.44 36.97 59.67 60.46
  Sub Total 277.51 263.64 334.52 276.78 343.01 324.99
D. Small States/UTs              
30 Andaman & Nicobar Island 0.11 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.05
31 Chandigarh 0.08 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07
32 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0.13 0.12 0.14 0.16 0.22 0.23
33 Daman & Diu 0.06 0.00 0.04 0.01 0.03 0.02
34 Delhi 1.85 1.40 2.24 0.63 2.30 1.18
35 Lakshadweep 0.06 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.07 0.09
36 Puducherry 0.34 0.25 0.35 0.25 0.30 0.23
  Sub Total 2.62 1.96 2.97 1.27 3.06 1.88
  Grand Total 1809.67 1672.42 2018.97 1764.33 2039.81 1777.04

(1)   Note: Above mentioned expenditure figures are as per FMR and hence provisional.  (2) SPIP-State Programme Implementation Plan.  (3) Data pertaining to current financial year, i.e. 2015-16 is not available.

State-wise and year-wise details of number of beneficiaries under

Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) from 2012-13 to 2014-15

S. No. Name of States 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
1 Assam 421359 451748 448143
2 Bihar 1829916 1695843 1531020
3 Chhattisgarh 277653 290276 321762
4 Jharkhand 282169 283562 249455
5 Jammu and Kashmir 127041 143129 116642
6 Madhya Pradesh 979822 1010824 942644
7 Odisha 547648 530089 498046
8 Rajasthan 1072623 1106262 1090012
9 Uttar Pradesh 2186401 2388204 2325010
10 Uttrakhand 89506 95344 100261
  Sub Total 7814138 7995281 7622995
11 Andhra Pradesh 341041 383135 261558
12 Goa 1387 1100 828
13 Gujarat 308880 253005 277433
14 Haryana 61902 44076 45742
15 Himachal Pradesh 13626 15766 16182
16 Karnataka 407611 383251 411423
17 Kerala 116816 138527 114677
Sr. No. Name of States 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
18 Maharashtra 364039 403405 345761
19 Punjab 79511 96873 103423
20 Tamil Nadu 358224 457770 470003
21 Talangana     135652
22 West Bengal 659996 363655 491356
  Sub Total 2713033 2540563 2674038
23 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 298 366 398
24 Chandigarh 449 899 1713
25 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 786 1203 1241
26 Daman and Diu Not implemented 245 107
27 Delhi 21722 12096 13723
28 Lakshadweep 494 992 1000
29 Pondicherry 3728 3754 3527
  Sub Total 27477 19455 21709
30 Arunachal Pradesh 12200 11827 12906
31 Manipur 18145 17064 21667
32 Meghalaya 21082 20151 43334
33 Mizoram 12057 12871 5605
34 Nagaland 17609 13390 16430
35 Sikkim 2668 2383 2278
36 Tripura 18682 15502 17943
  Sub Total 102443 93188 120163
  Grant Total 10657091 10648487 10438905

Note:

Data pertaining to current financial year, i.e. 2015-16 is not available.

State/UT – wise details for Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)

S. No. States Infant Mortality Rate (as per SRS) Annual decline (%) over previous year
    2011 2012 2013 2012 2013
  All India 44 42 40 4.5 4.8
1 Andhra Pradesh 43 41 39 4.7 4.9
2 Assam 55 55 54 0.0 1.8
3 Bihar 44 43 42 2.3 2.3
4 Chhattisgarh 48 47 46 2.1 2.1
5 Gujarat 41 38 36 7.3 5.2
6 Haryana 44 42 41 4.5 2.4
7 Jharkhand 39 38 37 2.6 2.6
8 Karnataka 35 32 31 8.6 3.1
9 Kerala 12 12 12 0.0 0.0
10 Madhya Pradesh 59 56 54 5.1 3.6
11 Maharashtra 25 25 24 0.0 4.0
12 Odisha 57 53 51 7.0 1.9
13 Punjab 30 28 26 6.7 7.1
14 Rajasthan 52 49 47 5.8 4.1
15 Tamil Nadu 22 21 21 4.5 0.0
16 Uttar Pradesh 57 53 50 7.0 5.7
17 West Bengal 32 32 31 0.0 3.1
18 Arunachal Pradesh 32 33 32 -3.1 3.0
19 Delhi 28 25 24 10.7 4.0
20 Goa 11 10 9 9.1 10.0
21 Himachal Pradesh 38 36 35 5.3 2.8
22 Jammu and Kashmir 41 39 37 4.9 5.1
23 Manipur 11 10 10 9.1 0.0
24 Meghalaya 52 49 47 5.8 4.1
25 Mizoram 34 35 35 -2.9 0.0
26 Nagaland 21 18 18 14.3 0.0
27 Sikkim 26 24 22 7.7 8.3
28 Tripura 29 28 26 3.4 7.1
29 Uttarakhand 36 34 32 5.6 5.9
30 A & N Islands 23 24 24 -4.3 0.0
31 Chandigarh 20 20 21 0.0 -5.0
32 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 35 33 31 5.7 6.1
33 Daman & Diu 22 22 20 0.0 9.1
34 Lakshadweep 24 24 24 0.0 0.0
35 Puducherry 19 17 17 10.5 0.0

Source: Sample Registration System (SRS), Registrar General of India.

Data pertaining to current year is not available.

 

Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR)
India & Major States 2010-12 2011-13 Drop in MMR

(2010-12)

(2011-13)

% decline in MMR (2010-12) – (2011-13)
India Total 178 167 11 6.2
Assam 328 300 28 8.5
Bihar/Jharkhand 219 208 11 5.0
Madhya Pradesh

/Chhattisgarh

230 221 9 3.9
Odisha 235 222 13 5.5
Rajasthan 255 244 11 4.3
Uttar Pradesh/

Uttarakhand

292 285 7 2.4
Andhra Pradesh 110 92 18 16.4
Karnataka 144 133 11 7.6
Kerala 66 61 5 7.6
Tamil Nadu 90 79 11 12.2
Gujarat 122 112 10 8.2
Haryana 146 127 19 13.0
Maharashtra 87 68 19 21.8
Punjab 155 141 14 9.0
West Bengal 117 113 4 3.4

 

Source: Registrar General of India (SRS Estimates)

Data pertaining to current year is not available.

The fact that the number of beneficiaries under Janani Surakshsa Yojana has increased manifold i.e. from 7.38 lakh beneficiaries in 2005-06 to 104.38 lakhs in 2014-15, itself is an indicator of high awareness levels among the pregnant women about the scheme.  Also the fact that about 9 lakh ASHA workers get performance based incentives under JSY for motivating pregnant women to give birth in a health facility is an indication of high awareness about the scheme.  Further, out of the total JSY beneficiaries reported in 2014-15, a large majority of (nearly 87%) beneficiaries belong to rural areas. To say that a large segment of pregnant women in the rural areas of the country are not aware of the scheme and are deprived of the benefits under the scheme may not hold true. No irregularities have been reported under this scheme during the said period.