India is endowed with a rich and vast diversity of natural resources, water being one of them. Integrated Water management is vital for poverty reduction, environmental sustenance and sustainable economic development. The Ministry is working for sustainable development, maintenance of quality and efficient use of water resources to match with the growing demands on this precious natural resource of the country.
WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
The Ministry has identified Inter-Linking of Rivers (ILRs) as a priority. National Perspective Plan envisaging inter-basin transfer of water from surplus basins to deficit basins is being actively pursued.
• Implementation of Ken-Betwa project on fast track.
• Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Damanganga –Pinjal completed. DPR of Par-Tapi-Narmada link project being finalised.
• Mahanadi-Godavari flood moderation project being pursued.
• Intra-State link Projects: DPR of Burhi Gandak – Noor – Baya – Ganga link Project (Bihar) and Kosi – Mechi Link Project (Bihar) completed. Special Committee on Interlinking of Rivers set up – for time bound implementation of ILR projects. High level task force constituted for addressing the technical issues in interlinking of rivers.
• Agreement with Nepal for speedy implementation of Pancheshwar Multi-purpose project proposal on river Sarda. Pancheshwar Development Authority set up for expeditious implementation of the project.
• Polavaram project being implemented asa National Projection river Godavari, to create an annual irrigation potential of 4.36 lakh hect. in East Godavari, Vishakhapatnam, West Godavari and Krishna districts in Andhra Pradesh.
• Work initiated on 9600 MW Middle Siang Project for flood moderation in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.
• Dam safety Project taken up with World Bank assistance at an estimated cost of Rs. 2100 crore, 233 dams in four States identified for rehabilitation.
• Brahmaputra Board being restructured for focussed attention on North-Western Region of Ganga Basin.
• Flood protection – Flood forecasting network strengthened – 4772 flood/inflow forecast were issued during the flood season 2014.
• Regional office of Ganga Flood Control Commission opened at Lucknow in March, 2015, for greater focus on North Western Region of the Ganga Basin.
• New flood forecasting website launched as part of the E-governance initiative, for timely dissemination of flood warnings.
• During 2014-15 a total of 47 (20 major and 27 medium) projects under general monitoring and 143 (77 major, 49 Medium and 17 ERM) on-going projects under Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) were taken up for monitoring.
PER DROP MORE CROP
• “Hamara Jal – Hamara Jeevan” organised in 485 districts to engage scientists, engineers, water communities, Panchayati Raj Institutions, NGO’s and other stake holders to address issues of water resources planning at village level to generate awareness for water conservation.
• National Aquifer Management project undertaken for optimal utilisation of groundwater with community participation. 5.89 lakh sq. km area mapped – partly through innovative heliborne surveys.
• Web based application system for issuing NOC for ground water extraction launched.
• Master Plan on Water harvesting and conservation prepared and circulated to all States.
Simplification of guidelines for centrally sponsored schemes, viz. AIBP and Flood Management Programme (FMP) on the basis of consultations in ‘Jal Manthan’ – resulting in faster release of funds – from Rs. 800 crore. in the first six months of the year to Rs. 4800 crore in the next six months.
National Hydrology Project launched at a cost of Rs. 3600 crore. This project will establish and upgrade Hydro-met network in all the river basins and bring the entire hydro-meteorological data on a standardized central database for easy storage, validation and dissemination for development of Decision Support Systems for flood forecasting, reservoir operations, water resources planning and management, conjunctive use, etc. following a river basin approach. The project will also enhance the capacity of the States in these issues.
WATER POLLUTION ABATEMENT
Namami Gange • “Namami Gange” – Integrated Ganga Conservation Programme approved at the cost of Rs. 20000 crore to be implemented by year 2020.
• Two meetings of National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) held – one under the chairmanship of Hon’ble Prime Minister.
• 76 Projects approved at the cost of Rs. 4974.79 crore for creating treatment capacity of 678.23 MLD and Sewer network of 2546 KMs.
• Clean Ganga Fund established – contribution of around Rs. 51 crore received.
• Programme to conserve aqua life and bio-diversity in collaboration with Forest Research Institute, Dehradun.
Moving Forward with New Initiatives
• Special Purpose Vehicle to be set up for implementation of priority ILR projects.
• Strengthening of Participatory Irrigation Management and involving public participation in Ground Water management and rain water harvesting
• Rejuvenation of Yamuna River.
• Expeditious implementation of Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project and middle Siang project.
• Launching of ‘JAL KRANTI ABHIYAAN’
• National Bureau of Water Use Efficiency is proposed to be set up to control and regulate efficient use of water.
• All efforts for timely completion of Polavaram Project
• Efforts are underway to upgrade all the three Research Stations namely Central Soil and Material Research Station, Central Water and Power Research Station and National Institute of Hydrology into “Centers of Excellence”.
• National Water Informatics Center to be set up for institutionalizing India Water Resources Information System.
• Modernization and expansion of Flood Forecasting Network of Central Water Commission.
• Development of inundation based flood forecast system.
• Installation of telemetry system for dissemination of hydro-meteorological data on real time basis.
• Setting up of North East Brahmaputra River Rejuvenation Authority by restructuring Brahmaputra Board.